Sildenafil and retinopathy of prematurity risk in very low birth weight infants

American Journal of Perinatology • February 2016.

Samiee-Zafarghandy S, van den Anker JN, Laughon MM, Clark RH, Smith PB, Hornik CP; Pharmaceuticals for Children Act – Pediatric Trials Network Administrative Core Committee.

We identified premature infants who were discharged from Pediatrix Medical Group neonatal intensive care units from 2003–2012 and who received an ophthalmologic exam. We matched each infant exposed to sildenafil prior to first eye exam to three non-exposed infants using propensity scoring to control for differences in baseline infant characteristics. We evaluated the association between sildenafil exposure and development of severe ROP using conditional logistic regression.

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