Respiratory Support for Very Low Birth Weight Infants Receiving Dexamethasone

The Journal of Pediatrics • April 2017.

Virkud YV, Hornik CP, Benjamin DK, Laughon MM, Clark RH, Greenberg RG, Smith PB.

To assess how neonatal intensive care units followed the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for use of dexamethasone in preterm infants by evaluating respiratory support at the time of dexamethasone administration. This is an observational study of infants discharged from one of 290 neonatal intensive care units from 2003 to 2010. The cohort included very low birth weight (<1500 g birth weight) infants born at ≤32 weeks gestational age. The main outcome was respiratory support at time of exposure to dexamethasone.

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