The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology • April 2018.
Hornik CP, Gonzalez D, van den Anker J, Atz AM, Yogev R, Poindexter BB, Ng KC, Delmore P, Harper BL, Melloni C, Lewandowski A, Gelber C, Cohen-Wolkowiez M, Lee JH; Pediatric Trial Network Steering Committee.
Ketamine is an N-methyl D-aspartate receptor antagonist used off-label to facilitate dissociative anesthesia in children undergoing invasive procedures. Available for both intravenous and intramuscular administration, ketamine is commonly used when vascular access is limited. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data in children are sparse, and the bioavailability of intramuscular ketamine in children is unknown.