Journal of Pediatrics • August 2016.
Hornik CP, Benjamin DK Jr, Smith PB, Pencina MJ, Tremoulet AH, Capparelli EV, Ericson JE, Clark RH, Cohen-Wolkowiez M; Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act—Pediatric Trials Network.
This was a retrospective observational cohort study of electronic health record (EHR) data combined with pharmacokinetic model derived drug exposure predictions. We used the EHR from 348 Pediatrix Medical Group neonatal intensive care units from 1997 to 2012. We included all infants 24-41 weeks gestational age, 500-5400 g birth weight, first exposed to ampicillin prior to 25 days postnatal age. In this cohort of hospitalized infants, higher ampicillin exposure was associated with seizures as documented in the EHR.