Effectiveness of Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor in Hospitalized Infants with Neutropenia

American Journal of Perinatology • April 2017.

Lee JA, Sauer B, Tuminski W, Cheong J, Fitz-Henley J 2nd, Mayers M, Ezuma-Igwe C, Arnold C, Hornik CP, Clark RH, Benjamin DK Jr, Smith PB, Ericson JE; Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act—Pediatric Trials Network Steering Committee.

The objective of this study was to determine the time to hematologic recovery and the incidence of secondary sepsis and mortality among neutropenic infants treated or not treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). We identified all neutropenic infants discharged from 348 neonatal intensive care units from 1997 to 2012. Neutropenia was defined as an absolute neutrophil count ≤ 1,500/µL for ≥ 1 day during the first 120 days of life.

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